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Kabuki actor pattern and Kabuki

Edo fan fan U-kiyoe Toyokuni Horitake

Originally, this fan was made from a fan picture depicting a Kabuki actor's scandal.

Sen Sen was deeply related to Kabuki, and at the beginning of the nineteenth century, he sold a fan picture drawn by kabuki actors as a promidover of the present actor.

In addition to the lower Toyokuni sculptures, the Ukiyo-e picture of Kabuki that escaped the great Kanto earthquake and the World War II became only this two.

Edo Uchiwa U-kiyoe Toyokuni Horifuji

This is the KANJINCHO of Kabuki.

In the Edo period, Ukiyo-e was played on the role of the propaganda medium of Kabuki and was released for each program.

It seems that the people of Edo immediately saw the actors of the yukata, the Obi, the towel and the family crest.

Edo fan, kumadori

Kumadori is the color of the color itself and the color of the color, and it is the method of making the perspective, and the technique of the Japanese painting puts it into a three-dimensional feeling.

It is said that he was the first danjuro Ichikawa in Kabuki. It is said to have gotten the hint of kumatori from the joruri doll.

Kabuki started in the Edo period, but there was a problem that the Playhouse at that time did not have electric lighting, and it was dark, so there was a problem that the expression of the actor was difficult to understand, and it is said that the actor had a showy kumatori pattern on the white face so that the expression of the actor was easy to understand.

Kumadori's color is also meaningful, red is justice, blue is evil, Brown is magic, and there are various kinds of shape, and there are about 100 kinds.

Various patterns for actors

The Yakusha pattern was invented by Kabuki actors in the Edo period to promote their respective theatres. Combining and developing a number of different patterns, the unique and stylish form of the yakusha mon (actor's pattern). The yakusha pattern is the ultimate in chic, connecting kabuki actors and spectators.

Shikan-zima

It was popularised by the kabuki actor Nakamura Shikan I (Nakamura Utaemon III). It is a pattern of four stripes and a ring, with the word 'shikan' meaning 'four rings' in Japanese. It is still used today as a pattern on yukata and tenugui hand towels.

Yokikoto Kiku (Good to hear)

It was used in the Kabuki costumes of Onoe Kikugoro. The picture of an axe reads 'good', underneath it is a koto and the round shape is a chrysanthemum flower. It means "to hear good things". It is said to have been adopted to compete with Ichikawa Danjuro's "kamawanu-letter", which was popular at the time.
Sensu (folding fan)

Kamawanu

This pattern is known as the pattern used by the Kabuki actor Ichikawa Danjuro. This pattern was popular in the Edo period (1603-1867) and is a combination of a picture of a sickle, a picture of a wheel and the character for "Nu", which is a reference to "Kamawanu".
Sensu (folding fan)

Mitsu Goro Jima

This pattern was named after the Kabuki actor Bando Mitsugoro III. The pattern consists of three, five or six stripes crossing each other horizontally and vertically. "Mitsugoro stripes "Also known as Mitsugoro plaid.

Kiku Goro Goshi

It was first used by the kabuki actor Onoe Kikugoro III and became widespread. Its four stripes and five stripes are combined in a lattice, and the characters for 'ki' and 'ro' are placed alternately in the lattice to form 'ki-kyu-goro', which expresses Kikugoro's name. Kikugoro lattice. Kikugoro dyeing. It is also known as "Kikugoro dyeing".
Sensu (folding fan)

Ichimura Goshi

It was favoured by the Kabuki actor Ichimura Uzaemon XII. Between the single horizontal and six vertical lattices is the character for "la", ▶ "Ichiroku-ra" ▶ "Ichimura" ▶ "Ichimura". There is also a type of lattice called "torn Ichimura lattice", in which the lattice stripes are partly torn.

Kabuki-mon and Matoi

Kabuki crests, like patterns, have also been used for stage costumes and prop tenugui (hand towels). In the Edo period (1603-1868), when fires were common, the flags used by the firemen of the town were called "matoi".

Mitsusaru-mon

The "three monkeys crest" is a stylish design in which the three monkeys crest, the family crest of the famous Sawakaya family, is scattered over the whole pattern in sun and shade. This family crest can also be seen on the props used by the Kabuki actor Ichikawa Ennosuke on stage.
Sensu (folding fan)

Mimasu-mon

It was invented by Kabuki actor Ichikawa Danjuro I from the "lightning bolt pattern" and later became the family's official crest. The pattern is made by nesting large, medium and small Masu and looking at them from above. There are many variations of this pattern, such as one in which the "three masu" are scattered, or one in which the "three masu" are placed between the stripes. The Japanese word "Masu" means "to increase" and is considered to be a good omen. It is also called "three nesting masu".
Sensu (folding fan)

Matoi

This is a type of banner used by the various fire-fighting groups in the Edo period. It has a head at the top representing the group, and a long, narrow decoration hanging from the top called a baren, with paper or leather tassels attached. It is held in the hand and when swung up or rotated, it is made to dance. It is fun to compare the unique ma-nen of each group with that of the other group.
Sensu (folding fan)

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Ukiyoe Edo Fan Paintings (Nishiki-e, Yamato type) were produced as multi-coloured printed fan pictures (Uchiwae) by the woodblock printing company Ibasen. Based on this only surviving woodblock print, Iba-Sen printed and produced this edition.

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